eternal Undivided Capital of Israel
Ever since King David
made Jerusalem the capital of Israel over
3,000 years ago, the city has played a central
role in Jewish existence. The Western Wall
in the Old City, the last remaining wall
of the ancient Jewish Temple, the holiest
site in Judaism, is the object of Jewish
veneration and the focus of Jewish prayer.
is a Jewish City
- Jews have lived in
Jerusalem for 2,000 continuously.
- Jews consist of the
majority of Jerusalem in the present state
of Israel constituting over 530,000 of
the city's 758,000 population.
- Jews have been the
largest group of inhabitants since the
- Jerusalem has never
been the capital of any Arab entity. It
has never even been a provincial capital
of under Muslim rule. It has never been
a center of Muslim learning. Jerusalem
has never been a cultural center of Islam.
- Jerusalem is pivotal
to the Jews historically, culturally and
spiritually. The attachment of Jews and
Jerusalem is unmatched with any other
nation and a holy city.
"No other city
has played such a dominant role in the history,
culture, religion and consciousness of a
people as has Jerusalem in the life of Jewry
and Judaism. Throughout centuries of exile,
Jerusalem remained alive in the hearts of
Jews everywhere as the focal point of Jewish
history, the symbol of ancient glory, spiritual
fulfillment and modern renewal. This heart
and soul of the Jewish people engenders
the thought that if you want one simple
word to symbolize all of Jewish history,
that word would be 'Jerusalem.'"
- Teddy Kollek, Jerusalem Washington Institute
For Near East Policy.
Claims to Jerusalem
- Jerusalem is the cradle
of Jewish heritage and Jewish civilization.
Ever since King David made Jerusalem the
capital of Israel 3,000 years ago, the
city has been at the center of Jewish
existence. The last remaining wall of
the Jewish Temple is the Western wall
is in the old city of Jerusalem. The Western
Wall and the city of Jerusalem itself
is the most holy places of Judaism. Jerusalem
is the focus of Jewish prayer. Three times
a day Jews across the world face Jerusalem.
For thousands of years Jews have prayed
"To Jerusalem, thy city, shall we
return with joy". For thousands of
years Jews have concluded festivities
with the words "next year
- The Jewish connection
to the Temple Mount dates back for more
than 3,000 years. It is the site where
Abraham tied his son to an alter as a
sacrifice to G-d. It is the site of two
Jewish temples that were the center of
Jewish religious life, learning, and social
life until the destruction of the Second
Temple by the Romans. The Mosques on the
Temple Mount were built over 7 hundred
years later after the Muslim occupation
of the land.
- The fact that Jerusalem
is disputed, or that it is claimed by
others does not mean that the city belongs
Jerusalem and the State of Israel
- Jerusalem as a Jewish
city should be ruled by the Jewish state.
The Jewish claims for the city of Jerusalem
are the same as the Israeli claims.
"You ought to
let the Jews have Jerusalem; it was they
who made it famous." - Winston
Churchill to diplomat Evelyn Shuckburgh,
- Jerusalem has only
seen prosperity, greatness, and success
when ruled by Jews both in biblical times
and again in modern day Israel.
- Jerusalem is the capital
of the state of Israel. Jerusalem was
the capital of biblical Israel. Never
has so much freedom and accessibility
been granted to members of all faiths
to Jerusalem's holy shrines, freedom of
worship, and general toleration, than
under the sovereignty of Israel.
- Resolution 242 calls
for "withdrawal of territories occupied
in recent hostilities". However,
this does not relate to Jerusalem. One
of the drafter of the resolution Arthur
Goldberg stated that, "Resolution
242 in no way refers to Jerusalem and
its omission was deliberate". Resolution
242 refers to the Golan Heights, Sinai
(given back to Egypt), the West Bank and
- East Jerusalem
was acquired after the 1967 war. A war
initiated by hostile Arab countries. As
a consequence for hostile acts of aggression
Israel has full right to territories acquired
in a defensive war, and therefore Jerusalem.
"The basis of
our position remains that Jerusalem must
never again be a divided city. We did not
approve of the status quo before 1967; in
no way do we advocate a return to it now
." - President George Bush
Jerusalem belongs to Jews not Muslims.
- Jerusalem is mentioned
over 700 times in the Jewish Bible. It
is not mentioned even once in the Koran.
- Islamic history does
not illustrate Jerusalem as a city of
veneration. To the contrary, Jerusalem
is celebrated and revered to Jewish people
across the world.
- Jerusalem the city
is not holy for Muslims. It is the Dome
of the Rock shrine that is holy to Islam.
For Jews, the whole city is holy.
and Moslems, the term 'Holy Sites' is an
adequate expression of what matters. Here
[in Jerusalem] are sacred places hallowed
by most holy events... But Judaism... is
not tied to sites, but to the land; not
to what happened in Jerusalem, but to Jerusalem
itself" - Bishop Prof. Krister
Stendahl, Harvard Divinity Bulletin, Autumn
- Some Islamic scholars
have preached that Jerusalem is not holy
to Jews but the Koran describes King Solomon's
construction of the First Temple (34:13)
and recounts the destruction of the First
and Second Temples (17:7).
- As the holiest city
of Judaism Jewish prayer is directed to
Jerusalem. Muslim prayer is directed to
the holiest city of Islam, Mecca.
- Muslims view Jerusalem
as the location of their third most holy
site. For Jews Jerusalem is the most holy.
Muslim Claims to Jerusalem
- Muslims believe that
the Temple Mount, situated in Jerusalem
is the sight where the Prophet Mohammad
ascended to heaven in his night journey
as told in the Islmic holy book, the Koran.
- The Koran does not
use the name "Jerusalem". The
Koran states that during his night journey
he was taken to the "furthest Mosque.
Early Islamic scholars believed that to
be Medina and not Jerusalem.
- Mohammed died in the
year 632CE. The Dome of the Rock was built
in 711 CE three generations later. No
mosque stood at that location before.
During the time of Mohammed Jerusalem
was occupied by the Byzantines who were
Christian. A church stood at the Temple
Mount during the time of Mohammed not
- It is doubtful that
Mohammed ascended to heaven via a church.
The Muslim claim to Jerusalem is both
historically and conceptually inaccurate.
- The only time when
Jews did not reside in East Jerusalem
and was inhabited solely by Arabs was
between 1948 and 1967 when Jordan occupied
the city. The Jordanians prhibbted Jews
to reside or even visit East Jerusalem.
Under Arab Occupation.
- Under Jordanian occupation
Jewish residents were forced to leave
their homes in East Jerusalem. Freedom
of worship was not granted to Jews, and
Christian pilgrims were subjected to heavy
restrictions. The population of Christians
reduced from 25,000 in 1949 to 13,000
in 1967. This was a result of Jordan's
- Under Jordanian occupation
Jerusalem was neglected. The Jewish Quarter
of the Old City was ransacked and slums
surrounded the Western Wall. Basic day-to-day
necessities were neglected; water, plumbing,
and electricity were lacking.
- The Jordanian government
allowed Jewish graves to be destroyed
in the Mount of Olives by allowing a highway
to be built that crosses the site.
- Jerusalem can not
be made an international city as the UN
General Assembly has suggested. There
is no precedent for this arrangement.
The only other city to have been internationalized
was post World War II Berlin that proved
to be disastrous.
would cause more problems that already
exist such as questions over who could
be entrusted to police the city? Who can
be entrusted to ensure the freedoms that
already exist under Israeli rule? The
answer is no one. Under Israeli control
Jerusalem has never been so tolerant,
open and free.
Jerusalem and its Residents and Visitors.
- As soon as Israel came
in possession of Jerusalem it immediately
abolished all discriminatory policies
that were introduced under Jordanian rule.
- Under Israeli law anyone
who does anything that may violate freedom
of access of members of various religions
sacred to them may be punished by a prison
term of five years. The Israeli government
does its utmost to prevent provocation
that might threaten the sanctity of all
of Jerusalem's holy places.
- Israel has entrusted
the administration of holy places to their
relevant representatives. For example,
the Muslim Waqf is responsible for the
Mosques on the Temple Mount.
- Christians and Muslims
across the world including Arab countries
that are hostile to Israel have been able
to come to Jerusalem to visit their holy
- Palestinian Arabs in
Jerusalem have political and social rights.
They are entitled to Israel medical care,
they may vote in elections, and they play
a role in the administration of the city.
They are not entitled to Israeli citizenship
until the future status of Jerusalem is
"There is no doubt
that Israel did a better job safeguarding
access to the city's holy places than did
Jordan. There is unimpeded access today"-
Former US President Jimmy Carter.
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