What is Zionism?
"The land of Israel
was the birthplace of the Jewish people.
Here their spiritual, religious and political
identity was shaped. Here they first attained
statehood, created cultural values of national
and universal significance and gave to the
world the eternal Book of Books. After being
forcible exiled from their land, the people
kept faith with it throughout their dispersion
and never ceased to pray and hope for their
return to it and for the restoration in
it of their political freedom."
- Israel's 1948 Declaration of Independence.
- Zionism is the national
liberation movement of the Jewish people
that holds that Jews, like any other nation
are entitled to a homeland.
- The origin of the term
Zionism derives from the biblical term
"Zion" that refers to Jerusalem
and the land of Israel.
- Zionism is the modern
expression of the ancient longing by the
Jewish People to return to their homeland
to live as a free people.
- Zionism encourages
Jews across the Diaspora to return to
their homeland so that they may live in
peace and security without the threat
of persecution. History has demonstrated
that Jews need a national homeland to
ensure their safety.
- Zionism realizes that
Jews are bound together by a shared origin,
religion, culture and history. All of
which have roots in the land of Israel.
- Zionism is a new word
that describes an ancient, unbroken relationship,
the land of Israel and the Jewish people.
- The Jews who were exiled
in Babylon 2,500 years ago first held
o The Jewish aspiration of returning to
their homeland. Over the centuries the
Jews maintained a strong relationship
with the land of Israel. This is demonstrated
through rituals, prayer and literature.
springs from an even deeper motive than
Jewish suffering. It is rooted in a Jewish
spiritual tradition whose maintenance and
development are for Jews the basis of their
continued existence as a community."
is our unforgettable historic homeland.
. . Let me repeat once more my opening words:
The Jews who will it shall achieve their
State. We shall live at last as free men
on our own soil, and in our own homes peacefully
die. The world will be liberated by our
freedom, enriched by our wealth, magnified
by our greatness. And whatever we attempt
there for our own benefit will redound mightily
and beneficially to the good of all mankind."
- Herzl's The Jewish State
The Jewish Claims to
the Land of Israel.
- G-d promised the Land
of Israel to Abraham, the Patriarch of
the Jewish people.
- Jews settled and developed
the land. Property derives from labor,
meaning that if one toils and works the
land, they are entitled to what grows
or comes from it and even sovereignty
over it. Before Jews returned to the Land
of Israel, it was a baron and wasteland.
- The international community
granted political sovereignty for Jews
in Palestine. UN General Assembly voted
in favour of the establishment of a Jewish
state in Palestine, and after Israel declared
its independence almost every member state
recognized it and admitted Israel into
the United Nations in 1949. The Balfour
declaration was incorporated into the
League of Nations Mandate..
- The territory that
Israel posses was acquired in defensive
- As well as being
the homeland of the Jewish people, Israel
serves as a safe haven for Jews who have
Jews and Israel
- A Brief History
- Jews have lived and
have maintained ties to the Jewish homeland
for over 3,000 years.
- The twelve tripes of
Israel formed a constitutional monarchy
in Palestine 3,000 years ago. King David
made Jerusalem the capital. Jewish independence
in Palestine lasted for over 200 years.
- After the destruction
of the Second Temple in 70AD and the start
of the Jewish exile there was a continues
Jewish presence in the land.
- The Bar Kochba revolt
was suppressed by the Romans. It was one
of the stroingest uprising the Romans
had to face. 580,000 Jewish soldiers perished
in the fighting and 985 Jewish villages
- After the Romans had
crushed the Bar Kochba revolt they renamed
Israel Syria Palestina to deny Jewish
identity with the land so that future
revolts would not be orchestrated.
- It was in Palestine
that the Mishna was completed and the
Jerusalem Talmud was compiled.
- In the year 351 the
Jews in Palestine launched another revolt
against the Romans leading to heavy retribution.
- Jews fought alongside
Arabs and Turks against the Crusaders.
Jews defended the besieged city of Haifa
almost single-handedly in 1099.
- Jewish communities
flourished in Rafah, Gaza, Ashkelon, Jaffa
and Caesarea especially in the 11th century.
- Starting from the 12th
century after Jews were massacred by the
Crusaders, Jews immigrated to Jerusalem
and the Galilee where communities flourished
especially in Safed and Jerusalem.
- Before the establishment
of modern Zionism 10,000 Jews lived in
- When Jews arrived
to Palestin in the 19th century there
land was practically empty. Only 25,000
Arabs lived there, many of whom were recent
ISRAEL FACTS >>